What is Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a disease caused by the monkeypox virus that belongs to the orthopoxvirus genus. Monkeypox was discovered in 1958 among monkeys that were kept for research. The first human case that was recorded was in 1970. The illness is most common in central and western Africa.
What are the symptoms of Monkeypox?
Initial symptoms of monkeypox are parallel to the flu such as fatigue, headache, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes. A rash appears a few days after. It usually begins on the face and spreads to the palms, arms, legs, and other body parts. Over the course of a week to two weeks the rash changes from small, flat tiny blisters to larger usually pus-filled blisters. It can take several weeks to scab over, after this the individual is no longer contagious.
How does Monkeypox spread?
Individuals with monkeypox are infectious while they have symptoms, normally between 2-4 weeks. You are at risk of catching monkeypox if you are in close proximity to someone who has symptoms.
Bodily fluids, rashes, and scabs are highly infectious. Lesions, ulcers, and sores in the mouth can be infectious meaning monkeypox can spread through saliva.
Is Monkeypox a sexually transmitted illness?
No monkeypox is not considered a sexually transmitted illness as it can be spread by any physical contact.
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